Research Domains

1. Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the branch of medical science that deals with the factors that determine the presence or absence of diseases. Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution, patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is a cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare.

Why I3T Focuses on that: The purpose of epidemiology research  is to understand what risk factors are associated with a specific disease, and how disease can be prevented. Epidemiological research helps us to understand how many people have a disease ,if those numbers are changing, and how the disease affects our society and our economy.Epidemiological information is used to plan and evaluate strategies to prevent illness and as a guide to the management of patients in whom disease has already developed.

2. Big Data

The term “big data” refers to data that is huge, fast or complex and difficult or impossible to process using traditional methods. There are five V’s of big data which includes Volume, velocity, variety, veracity and value. Big data includes the use of predictive analytics, user behavior analytics, or certain other advanced data analytics methods that extract value from big data

Why I3T Focuses on that: 

3. Genomics

Genomics is defined as the branch of molecular biology that deals  with the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes.Genomics uses DNA sequencing methods, and bioinformatics to sequence, assemble, and analyse the structure and function of genomes. Specialists  in genomics strive to determine complete DNA sequences and perform genetic mapping to help understand disease. Genomics also involves the study of intragenomic processes such as epistasis, heterosis, and pleiotropy as well as the interactions between loci and alleles within the genome

Why I3T Focuses on that: Gaining a better understanding of the interactions between genes and the environment by means of genomics is helping researchers find better ways to improve health and prevent disease.I3T acquired a genexus machine for genetics that is 1st in India . I3T has genexus and S5+ which is a comprehensive genomics facility that can give reports in 24 hours.

4. Malaria and Dengue

A disease caused by a plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes.There are four kinds of malaria parasites that can infect humans: Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. falciparum.Dengue viruses are spread to people through the bite of an infected Aedes species (Ae. aegypti or Ae. albopictus) mosquito. 

Why I3T Focuses on that: 

I3T research Scientists want to understand how the dengue virus causes damage to the human body and how the immune system responds to a dengue infection so that they can develop new treatments for the disease.

5. Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer. Hepatitis can be caused by infections, toxic substances (e.g. alcohol, certain drugs), and autoimmune diseases .There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E. These 5 types are of greatest concern because of the burden of illness and death they cause and the potential for outbreaks and epidemic spread.

6. Typhoid

Typhoid is a bacterial infection that can lead to a high fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. It can be fatal. It is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi.Typhoid fever is an infection that spreads through contaminated food and water.Vaccines are recommended in areas where typhoid fever is common.Symptoms include high fever, headache, stomach pain, weakness, vomiting and loose stools.Treatment includes antibiotics and fluids.

7. Cancer

Cancer is a disease in which some of the body’s cells grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body. Cancer begins when genetic changes interfere with this orderly process. Cells start to grow uncontrollably. These cells may form a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but will not spread.Different types of cancer are Carcinomas which include prostate cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, and colorectal cancer,Sarcomas,Leukemias and Lymphomas.

Why I3T Focuses on that:

I3T is also an Advanced Diagnostic Centers. Clinical trials can help researchers find new ways to prevent and detect cancer, and they can also help improve the quality of life for patients during and after treatment.

8. Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat.Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough—or any—insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.There are three main types of diabetes – type 1, type 2 and gestational.

9. Virology

Virology is the branch of microbiology that deals with the study of viruses (as well as various virus-like particles), their characteristics, classification, as well as the relationship with their respective hosts.

Why I3T Focuses on that:

I3T is a public health institution and wants  to spread the  outreach so that we will work on all public health issues in a single roof. I3T has advanced instruments,experts and research scientists. We are willing to work on Infectious, communicable and non-communicable diseases such as  Dengue, Malaria, Hepatitis, Cancer,Diabetes and Virology.